Carbon nanotubes: Types, methods of preparation and applications
Parijat Pandey, Mandeep Dahiya
Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are nanostructures derived from rolled graphene planes and possess various interesting chemical and physical properties. CNTs can be conjugated with various biological molecules including drugs, proteins and nucleic acid to afford bio-functionalities. CNTs exist as single (SWNTs), and multi-walled (MWNTs) structures. They present several interesting properties, such as high aspect-ratio, ultra-light weight, strength, high thermal conductivity and electronic properties ranging from metallic to semiconducting. The production of carbon nanotubes can be done by plasma based synthesis method or arc discharge evaporation method, laser ablation method, thermal synthesis process, chemical vapor deposition and by plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition. The CNTs are valuable in the field of drug delivery, blood cancer, breast cancer, brain cancer, liver cancer, cervical cancer, gene therapy, immune therapy, biomedical imaging, biosensors and tissue engineering. This review leads to a useful knowledge related to general overview, types, preparation methods and applications of CNTs.