Pharmacological and phytochemical properties of Cajanus cajan (L.) Huth. (Fabaceae): A review
Proma Roy Orni, Sazzad Zaman Ahmed, Marzana Monefa, Tanzim Khan, Pritesh Ranjan Dash
Cajanus cajan which is also known as ‘pigeon pea’ is used as food crop in tropical and subtropical areas of the world which is a great source of protein, vitamin B and minerals for human as well as animals and has a great contribution over medicinal uses. It belongs to the Fabaceae family and it has many medicinal properties such as anti-bacterial, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory, hypocholesterolemic effects, anti-diabetic, anti-cancer, neuroactive properties, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, anthelmintic, glycemic and many more. Its extracts such as polyphenols, quercetin, luteolin, apigenin, isorhamnetin, flavonoids, cajaninstilbene acid etc. are very useful for the treatment of jaundice, diarrhea, sores, cough, bronchitis, bladder-stones and diabetes. From ancient period to present time, pigeon pea is used by different population for different purposes such as food, agricultural and treatment. The ethno-pharmacological importance of pigeon pea is utilized in various ways among the tribal community ‘Garo’ of Bangladesh, Chinese people, people of West Indies and people of Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan. This study has mainly focused on various pharmacological actions and medicinal uses through review study of different studies done on pigeon pea.